Diabetes Specialist

Central Florida Family Practice

Board Certified Family Practice located in Saint Cloud, FL

More than 9% of the American population suffers from diabetes. If you’re among this group, or you suffer from diabetes symptoms, good health care can help you manage the condition and experience minimal side effects. Families in Saint Cloud, Florida, can seek support from Dr. Elba Masid of Central Florida Family Practice. Call her office or book online to learn more about diabetes care.

Diabetes Q & A

Central Florida Family Practice

What is diabetes?

Diabetes occurs when your pancreas fails to produce enough, or any, insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body convert glucose (sugar) from food into energy. When you have diabetes, your body cannot efficiently remove glucose from your blood.

What are the types of diabetes?

Diabetes isn’t just one disease, but a collection of diseases. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which your immune system attacks the insulin-making cells in your pancreas so they no longer make insulin. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood or when you’re a young adult.

Type 2 diabetes develops over time. Your body doesn’t make enough insulin or does not use insulin well, meaning you become insulin resistant. Your pancreas pumps out the hormone, but your body doesn’t effectively use it to remove sugar from your blood. Usually, Type 2 diabetes occurs in middle-aged or older adults, but younger people are being diagnosed with it as well.

Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. Similar to Type 2 diabetes, it usually goes away when you give birth. If not managed during pregnancy, it can cause health problems for you and your unborn baby. If you’ve had gestational diabetes, you’re more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes later in life.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

It’s important to recognize the symptoms of diabetes, so you can catch the disease early and have a better chance of avoiding complications. Symptoms include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Feeling thirsty often
  • Hunger, despite eating regularly
  • Blurry vision
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Slow-healing cuts or bruises

Tingling in the extremities is an indication of Type 2 diabetes. Weight loss, despite eating more, is a symptom of Type 1 diabetes.

What are the complications of diabetes?

When it is uncontrolled, diabetes can cause numerous health problems. These include:

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Kidney problems
  • Foot problems
  • Nerve damage

Eye problems and dental problems often accompany poorly managed diabetes, too.

How is diabetes managed?

Diabetes cannot be cured, but the condition can be successfully managed. If you have Type 1 diabetes, you’ll have to take insulin, through daily shots or a pump, and be regularly monitored to ensure your blood sugar levels stay even. You’ll also need to manage your diet and stay physically active to help keep your glucose levels under control.

Dr. Masid can help you make lifestyle changes to improve your diabetes symptoms. These include weight loss, healthy diet choices, and exercise. Medications can also help manage your blood sugar.

For more about diabetes, contact Central Florida Family Practice by phone or book an appointment online.